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Operating System (OS) kia hai aur kaise work karta hai

Kisi bhi computer ya mobile main operating system ki kya waja hoti hai. Operating system (os) ke bina koi bhi
computer ya mobile device chal nahi skta hai. kyon ke computer ya mobile device ko machini langauge ko samajhte hai, or ham
machini language ko nahi jante hai. parantu dosto operating system in dono language ko janta hai. operating system ko hi short me OS kahte hai.

      Operating system mobile ke liye ho ya computer ke liye ek jaisa hi work karta hai. bas dono ko hi alag alag baton ko dyan me rakh kar banaye jate hai. Dosto oprating system hamare or computer ya mobile device ke beech me interface ka work karta hai.

Wo computer ya mobile device or hamare beech me apas k talaqat bathata hai
jin ki madad se ham sab kamo ko computer ya mobile device main kar sakte hai.
dosto operating system hamare or computer ke beech me interface ka work karta hai.

Oprating system kya hai

Dosto operating systme ek master control programm  hota hai. Jo chote chote programo se milkar bana hota hai. Wo chahe mobile ke liye ho ya computer ke liye ho. har ek alag alag work ke liye chote chote program’s hote hai jinhe ek programm ke sath mil kar banya jata hai. jinse milkar ek os banta hai. dono hi divice me oprating system ki zrat hoti hai.

Koi bhi bhi programm ya App computer machin ya mobile device ke sampark me aane se pehle Oprating system ke sampark me aata
hai.
Operating system ek master control programm hota hai
Yah computer ya mobile device ke sabhi hardware’s (jo mobile ya computer me lage ho sabhi parts) ki chamtao ka pura
upyog karta hai oprating system ek sadhan prabandhak ki bhanti work karta hai.

Os ke yeh work hote hai jo ki har os karta hai. chahe wah mobile ke liye os ho ya computer ke liye ho.

1. Processing Management

Computer ya Mobile ke central processing unit ke prabandhan ka work Operating system hi karta hai. yah prabandhan is prakar
se hota hai ki sabhi programm ya app’s ek ek karke run hote hai. Os sabhi programo ke samay ko CPU ke liye vibhajit kar deta hai.
or sabhi ko bari bari se run karta hai.

2. Maamory Managment
Progarmm ko safalta poorvak chalane ke liye os Mamory management ka atyant mahatvpoorn kary karta hai. jiske antargat computer
mamory me kuch sthan surachit rakhe jate hai. jinka vibhajan programm ke madhya kiya jata hai. tatha sath me yah bhi dhyan me
rakha jata hai, ki programo ko mamory me alag alag sthan proapt ho sake. kisi bhi programm ko input aur output karte samay
ankdo aur suchnao ko apne nirdharit sthan me save karne ke work bhi Operating system ka hai.operating system alag alag extention
wali file’s ko alag alag dikhat yah work bhi os karta hai. isse ham example se jamajhte hai.

Example:- Jaise ki ham apne device (computer ya mobile) me kisi songs, image, videos, ya aaps aadi ko dalte (input) karte hai to wah
un sabhi file’s ko ek saath receve karta hai. parantu wah un file’s ke extention ko kaise pehchanta hai. jaise ki
songs ko MP3
video’s ko 3GP,MP4,AVI,MKV, etc
image’s ko JPG, JPEG, PNG, GIF, etc
App’s ya programm’s ko android apps ko APK aur windows apps ko Application etc.

3. Input Output Device Management
Jo bhi data de rahe hai usse input unit se read karke uchit sthan me save karna aur prapt output (parinam) ko mamory se output
unit tak pahuchana bhi Operating system ka work hai. kyonki programm ko write karte samay Computer ko kewal yah bataya jata
hai ki hamhe kya input dena hai. or kya output lena hai. aur Baki ka pura work operating system hi karta hai.

4. File Management
Operating system file’s ko read karke ek suvayvasthit tarike se kisi directory me save karne ki suvidha deta hai.jab koi
programm run hota hai to isse secondry mamory se read kar primory mamory me dalne ka work bhi operating ststem hi karta hai.
Operating system user (jo upyog karta hai) ko ek easy interface pradan karta hai. taki wah computer ka upyog safalta poorvak
kar sake.


5. Other work’s
Computer ya mobile par work karne wale user ka lekha jokha vayvasthit rakhne ka work bhi operating system hi karta hai. aur
is baat ka bhi dyaan rakhta hai. ki user ne computer ya mobile me kitne samay ke liye work kiya hai.

Eror ko jannka ki kya work nahi kar raha hai.

Os Device (Computer ya mobile) jo bhi device ke liye ho uske user ko ek  parssword ke madhyam se security prdaan karne ka work bhi
OS hi karta hai. taki user ke data ko security prapt ho.

Jaise windows me
Password Lock
Pin Lock
Picture password Lock

Aur android mobile me
fingerprint lock
Password Lock
Pin Lock
Face Lock
Pettern Lock aadi

Type’s of Operating system
Dosto operating system alag-alag type’s ke hote hai. jo user ke work ko easy banate hai. har os  alag alag type se work karte hai
parantu sabhi ek jaisa hi work karte hai. bas work karne ka tarika alag alag hota hai.

Mobile Operating system
Android os
Tizen os
ios os

Computer Operating system
Computer main work karne ke liye kuch  os hai. jinhe work ke anusaar use karte hai.

  • Mac os
  • Linux os
  • Chrome os
  • Dos os
  • Windwos os

Single User Operating system
Yah operating system ek baar me ek hi programm ko Process karta hai.
 kyonki isme ek baar me ek hi user ek hi user work kar sata hai.

Single User and Multitasking Operating system
Yah operating system ek baar me ek hi user ko computer me work karne ki suvidha pradaan karta hai. isme ek user ek baar me
bahut sare programm’s ko run kar skta hai.

Multiuser Operating system
In operating system me ek baar me bahut se user computer me ek saath work kar sake hai. samantah sabhi computer ek
tarminal computer ke dwara ek main computer se connected hote hai. Terminal me ki baord aur Monitor hote hai. jine madhyam se
user input karne ka work karta hai. par computer ka work main computer par hi hota hai. Processing ka Output user ke terminal
screen par dekha ja sakta hai.


Network Operating system
Is operating system me sabhi compter’s ek netwrok se jude hote hai. Network se jude huye sabhi computer ek dusre ke sakhno ko
shayar kar sakte hai. jise resource sharing kahte hai. jike jariye in computer ke beech file’s tramfer ho skti hai

User Interface
Kisi computer system aur user ke beech sampark isthapit  karne ki prakriya ko hi user interface kahte hai.user interface 2
type’s ka hota hai.

Charactar User Interface (CUI)
Is  ke interface me ek command prompt jaisi window hi dikhai deti hai. jise same command prompt jaise hi chalate hai
isme key se type karke command dena hota hoi. or isme prtyel work ko karne ke liye alag alag command dena hota hai.

Graphical User Interface (GUI)
Is prakar ke (GUI) interface me Graphic’s ka pryog hota hai. jaise ki ham sabhi apne computer me (window 7, 10, Linux etc) me karte hai.
isme Icon, window manu etc ka prayog kiya jata hai. jine dekhar ham mouse hi help se apne computer ko command deta hai.

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